Thursday, 20 May 2010

Iraq vol. 2

A mutiview from Iraq.Ruins of Hatra in Nineveh (Northern of Iraq) illustrates to the left the Queen of Hatra monument and to the right the ruins of Assyrian Winged Bulls and The Sun Temple of Hatra (Hatra is listed in UNESCO World Heritage List).

Iraq (pronounced /iːˈrɑːk/ or /ɪˈræk/, Arabic: العراق Al-Irāq), officially the Republic of Iraq(Arabic: About this sound جمهورية العراق Jumhūrīyat Al-Irāq, Kurdish: كؤماری عه‌راق‎, Komara Îraqê,[2]Neo-Aramaic: ܥܸܪܵܩ) is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of theZagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of theArabian Desert.

Iraq is bordered by Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (35 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf. The capital city, Baghdad (Arabic:بغدادBaġdād), is in the center-east of the country.

Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the centre of Iraq, flowing from northwest to southeast. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppeand desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia.

Historically, the territory comprising Iraq was known in Europe by the Greek toponym 'Mesopotamia' (Land between the rivers). Iraq has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is identified as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing and the wheel.

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