Thursday, 20 May 2010

Iraq vol. 2

A mutiview from Iraq.Ruins of Hatra in Nineveh (Northern of Iraq) illustrates to the left the Queen of Hatra monument and to the right the ruins of Assyrian Winged Bulls and The Sun Temple of Hatra (Hatra is listed in UNESCO World Heritage List).

Iraq (pronounced /iːˈrɑːk/ or /ɪˈræk/, Arabic: العراق Al-Irāq), officially the Republic of Iraq(Arabic: About this sound جمهورية العراق Jumhūrīyat Al-Irāq, Kurdish: كؤماری عه‌راق‎, Komara Îraqê,[2]Neo-Aramaic: ܥܸܪܵܩ) is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of theZagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of theArabian Desert.

Iraq is bordered by Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (35 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf. The capital city, Baghdad (Arabic:بغدادBaġdād), is in the center-east of the country.

Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the centre of Iraq, flowing from northwest to southeast. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppeand desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia.

Historically, the territory comprising Iraq was known in Europe by the Greek toponym 'Mesopotamia' (Land between the rivers). Iraq has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is identified as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing and the wheel.

Iraq vol.1

Today was another day when my mailbox was happy.But this time it was very happy.Because there were two amazing cards from ..........IRAQ.For that I must thank Mildez from Baghdad:)
He made me very happy.Thanks:).Iraq is a rare country in postcrossing and I am soo happy that I have two cards from there.Sadly some stamps were missing from the envelope("thanks" to postal service ,I guess)
This card is showing a map of Iraq and the grave of Al-Imam Ali(P.P.U.H),Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf.

The Imām ‘Alī Holy Shrine (Arabic: حرم الإمام علي‎), also known as Masjid Ali or theMosque of ‘Alī, located in Najaf, Iraq, is the third holiest site for some of the estimated 200 million followers of the Shia branch of Islam. ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib, the cousin ofMuhammad, the fourth caliph is buried here. Buried next to Ali within this mosque are the remains of Adam and Noah according to Shi'a belief.

The shrine was first built by the Iranian ruler the Daylamite Fannakhosraw Azod ad Dowlehin 977 over the tomb of Ali. After being destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I in 1086, and rebuilt yet again by the Safavid Shah Ismail I shortly after 1500.

During the uprising of March 1991, following the Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein's Republican Guards damaged the shrine, where members of the Shia opposition were cornered, in storming the shrine and massacring virtually all its occupants. Afterwards the shrine was closed for two years, officially for repairs. Saddam also deported to Iran a large number of the residents of the area who were of Iranian descent.

As the burial site of Islam's second most important figure, the Imām ‘Alī Mosque is considered by all Shias as the third holiest Islamic site The Boston Globereports “for the world's nearly 120 million Muslim Shias, Najaf is the third holiest city, behind Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. for some of the estimated 200 million followers of the Shī‘ah branch of Islām worldwide – approximately 15 percent of total Muslims. It is estimated that only Karbalā, Makkah and Madīnah receive more Muslim pilgrims.A famous hadith mentions the site as one of "five definitive holy places that we respect very much".

Tuesday, 18 May 2010


Cool Montana map card,comes from Mike .
Montana is located in the Western United States.The capital city is Helena.On the card you can also see the state symbols (flag,bird ,flower and so on),The name of Monatana comes from spansih word that means mountain. With a land area of 145,552 square miles (376,980 km2) the state of Montana is the fourth largest in the United States

South Korea

It has been ages when I posted something here.Wel,l now I have a reason to do it.I received a card from Korea some days ago.And now I want to share it with you:)It is showing aerial view of Seongsan Ilchulbong Tuff Cone,It belongs to Unesco World Natural Heritage Jeju.

Jeju is a volcanic island formed during the fourth epoch of the Cenozoic Era. With its well-preserved geological features, the island is scientifically valuable for study of volcanic activities and subsequent lava cave formation. In 2007 the UNESCO World Heritage Committee inscribed the Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes on the World Natural Heritage List in recognition of their prominent scientific value and aesthetic scenery. The designation covered three sites-the Mt. Halla Nature Reserve, the Geomunoreum lava tube system and the Seongsan Ilchulbong, an archetypal tuff cone.
The World Natural Heritage in Jeju consists of three sites covering a total of 188.4 square kilometers, including some 187.2 square kilometers of land, which is 10.1 percent of the island' s total territory, and 1.2 square kilometers of publicly owned water surface. Mt. Halla (Hallasan) has a vast array of plant and animal species and superb natural scenery that features the crater lake Baengnokdam (White Deer Lake) on the top, fantastic cliffs and waterfalls. The mountain, rising 1,950 meters above sea level, has a unique vertical distribution of plants of diverse zones ranging from the subtropical, warm temperate and temperate to frigid zones.

The tuff cone of Seongsan Sunrise Peak, created by undersea volcanic eruption, has a dramatic landscape. The fortress-like peak, with its walls rising out of the ocean, has exceptional exposures of its structural and sediment characteristics, including the crater preserving its original shape. It is a world-class location for understanding the process of volcanic formation and Surtseyan-type eruptions.

The Geomunoreum lava tube system, regarded as the finest of its kind in the world, comprises a lateral volcano and five lava caves. They were created some 100,000-300,000 years ago when magma erupted from Geomunoreum and flowed through natural conduits slanted northeast toward the coastline, which are now empty caves displaying unique spectacles of multi-colored carbonate roofs and floors. Varying in length, structure and component, the five caves are Bengdwi Cave, Manjang and Gimnyeong Caves, Yongcheon Cave and Dangcheomul Cave. The Geomunoreum lateral volcano is Natural Monument.