Israel is on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea . It shares borders with Lebanon and Syria on the north, Jordan on the east, and Egypt to the southwest. Israel also controls territory in the Gaza Strip and on the West Bank of the Jordan River. It shares the coastlines of the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Eilat/Aqba and the Dead Sea.
The borders of Israel are disputed, and several wars have been fought about where the borders should be. The land is desert in the south with a flat plain in the west near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea . Israel also has a range of mountains near its center. The weather is normally warm, but is hot and dry in the desert areas; in the north, the weather is temperate. Two-thirds of the land is covered with desert. Tel Aviv is the biggest city in Israel, with Jerusalem and Haifa following it in size. Its capital city is Jerusalem.